12 Dec at 9 AM
Big foreign exchange decision?
Just ask the FX Experts at TorFX for a »
One of the key factors that effects
the foreign exchange rates is the supply and demand for each particular
currency. As the exchange rate increases, the demand for the currencies
decreases. Similarly, if the supply of a country's currency increases,
the value of that currency will decrease in relation to other currencies
and more money is needed in order to purchase foreign currencies. The
reason for this is that if the demand increases but the supply stays
constant, the price will obviously goes up because more the supply-demand
ratio drives up the price. In contrast, if the supply goes up but the
demand stays the same (or goes down) then the value of that currency
The supply of foreign exchange shifts
depending on demand and not on the exchange rate. If the supply aspect
of transaction is plotted on a graph it will be vertical since the supply
of foreign currency deposits available at any time is fixed.
The supply and demand of foreign
exchange depends on lots of factors. They are:
- Economic Factors have
a direct impact on the foreign exchange market, for example economic
policies formulated by central Banks and government agencies, economic
reports, conditions and other economic indicators all of which can cause
fluctuations in currency prices.
- Similar to the first point,
political conditions within and around any particular country who's
currency you are contemplating purchasing, also affect the currency
market. Regional, central and international politics cast a profound
effect on the currency and can often have knock-on effects on other
currencies and the foreign exchange market as a whole.
- The Market Psychology
and the feelings of the traders and buyers who will be making the majority
of the purchasing will affect the currency market in a range of different
ways. All these factors can have a direct impact on the currency market
and in turn the supply and demand of foreign exchange fluctuations.
- The final point we
will discuss is the equilibrium in the Foreign Exchange Market as
this can also have a big impact on the value of currencies. Regardless
of what the exchange rate may be at any given time, the aim of the world
economies as a whole is to maintain this equilibrium. The foreign exchange
market is generally perceived to be in a state of equilibrium when the
deposits of all the currencies provide equal rate of return that was
expected. The Basic Equilibrium condition depends on interest rate parity.
The interest rate parity condition is achieved when the anticipated
returns on deposits of any two currencies are same when evaluated in
the same currency. This essentially means that the assets are valued
as equals. The potential foreign currency holders perceive all of them
as equally desirable assets.
« Exchange Rates - What are they and how are they calculated?
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